6 Reasons You’re Struggling To Lose 5 Kilograms Or Less

You might not be eating enough fat.

For those of us  who are trying to lose five kilograms or less, that small amount can be a journey in itself.

Usually that’s because it feels impossible to figure out what the hell is keeping you from your goal weight in the first place. If you only  need to lose five kilograms, you’re probably already making healthy choices regularly. You just have to tweak them a bit more, says registered dietician Jessica Levinson.

Related: 4 Mistakes That Make You Fat

Here, we break down the reasons you haven’t been able to lose that extra weight, and what you can do about it.

1. You Aren’t Eating Enough

The problem: If you eat less than 5000 kilojoules a day to reach your goal weight faster, you’re making a big mistake. Not eating enough can send your body into starvation mode, which causes your metabolism to slow, says Levinson. In starvation mode, your body holds onto as many kilojoules as it can because you’re not getting enough nutrients, she says. What’s more, your body starts burning muscle for energy—and muscle keeps your metabolism humming at top speed.

The solution:
Cut back with caution. For most guys, that means swapping higher kilojoule foods for lean protein and vegetables, though your actual kilojoule intake depends on many factors.

Related:10 Ways To Lose Weight Without Starving

2. You Aren’t Reading Labels

The problem: Unfortunately, many seemingly healthy packaged foods have added sugar or added fibre, says Levinson. “Added sugar can make you crave more sugar, so you end up eating more because it’s not satisfying you,” she says. “And added fibre can make you bloat if it has added fibre that your body is not used to.”

The solution: Read the labels so you know what’s in your food. Then, find an alternate if sugar is one of the first three ingredients and/or it has more than 10 grams per serving. While added fibre (like chicory root or inulin) is perfectly good for your digestive system, if you experience bloating, you may want to go for something else.

Related: 6 Foods You Are Eating That Are Secretly Packed With Sugar

3. You Aren’t Eating Enough Fat

The problem: Compared to a low-carb diet, research suggests that a low-fat diet will up your appetite. That’s because without fat, all carbs digest quickly, which makes your blood sugar spike and drop fast.

“Fat is really important because it slows down your digestion and the release of sugar into your bloodstream, keeping you fuller for longer,” says Levinson. And that makes you less likely to overeat later.

The solution: Get 20 to 35 percent of your kilojoules from fat, or around 40 to 60 grams per day. Instead of counting grams, make sure you’re hitting this mark by adding a serving of healthy fats, like salmon, sardines, nuts, seeds, avocado, and olive oil, to each meal, says Levinson.

Related: 8 Fatty Foods You’ve Been Warned Against But Should Definitely Be Eating

4. You Aren’t Getting Enough Sleep

The problem: Research suggests that people who don’t catch enough Z’s the night before eat an average of 1600 more kilojoules the next day. And when you only need to lose 5 kilograms, that can keep you from reaching your goal.

“When you’re tired, you think eating something will wake you up,” she says. On top of the munchies, when your body doesn’t get the rest it needs it holds onto kilojoules, she says.

The solution:
While it’s not always possible, make seven to nine hours of sleep per night a priority. In addition to sleep basics, like avoiding screen time right before bed and setting a relaxing bedtime routine, try sipping a glass of tart cherry juice, says Levinson. The night-time drink could help you drift off because of its sleep-inducing melatonin content.

Related: Your Insomnia May Be More Serious Than You Think

5. You Aren’t Drinking Enough Water

The problem: It’s easy to confuse thirst with hunger—which could make you gorge on extra kilojoules when you really just need to hydrate, says Levinson.

The solution: One 2015 study of obese participants found that those who drank 475ml of water 30 minutes before a meal ate fewer kilojoules than those who just imagined that they were full. “Drinking water takes the edge off and helps you to recognise actual hunger,” says Levinson. Over the course of a day, log at least eight, 230ml glasses of water, more if you’re active. Tea and coffee count.

Related: The Right Amount Of Water To Drink While You Exercise

6. You Aren’t Eating Enough Protein

The problem: For every half a kg of weight you lose, about two-thirds is fat and one third is muscle. And since lean muscle is partially responsible for stoking your metabolism, that muscle loss will result in a slower kilojoule-burning fire. But by eating more protein, you’ll minimise that drop in muscle, says Levinson.

In fact, a study in the Journal of American Nutrition found that people who had more protein in their diets lost more body fat than the control group. The key here is to space out how much protein you have at each meal to maximize your body’s muscle synthesis, says Levinson.

The solution: Aim for 30 grams of protein at every meal. For breakfast, get 15 grams or more from Greek yogurt, cottage cheese, or overnight oats using kefir or milk instead of water. Love eggs but don’t have the time to make them every morning? Levinson suggests making one big batch of hard-boiled eggs or egg muffins that you can store in the fridge or freezer and eat all week.

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