Fat Deposits Can Signify Specific Cancers

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While it is known that obesity can put you at higher risk of cancer, there is less known about the effect of the location and type of fat deposits on cancer risk in general as well as on obesity-related cancers, especially in older adults likely to experience redistribution of fat deposits, according to a new study. Cancers related to obesity include breast cancer, endometrium, oesophagus, pancreas, colon, rectum, kidney, thyroid and gallbladder, as defined by the National Cancer Institute. Check out How To Cut Your Cancer Risk and how Circumcision Prevents Prostate Cancer.At the start of the study of 2, 519 participants, aged 70 to 79, no participants had cancer. In a follow-up of 13 years, 617 participants developed cancer, of which 224 were obesity-related. Among men, neither total adipose tissue nor VAT were associated with significantly higher overall risk of cancer, but higher VAT was strongly associated with higher risk of obesity-related cancers. An almost 3-times higher risk of these cancers were found among men with the most VAT compared to those with the lowest VAT, even after controlling for BMI. Among women, higher total adipose tissue was associated with both higher overall cancer risk, while total adipose tissue and VAT were associated with increased risk of obesity-related cancers. Findings suggest that greater adiposity may increase risk of cancers other than those identified as being obesity-related, say the authors of the study. Among men, VAT also provides info on cancer risk beyond that attributed by BMI.

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