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More frequent breakfast consumption linked to lower risk of metabolic conditions and weight loss
This study investigated the effect that the frequency of breakfast consumption had on the development of abdominal obesity, obesity, the metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes among 3 598 young participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development study. In 1992-1993 researchers conducted follow-up exams on the participants and collected information on food consumption. Participants in this study did not have diabetes at the 1992-1993 exam and took part in at least one subsequent exam during the remaining 18 years of follow-up. Increasing frequency of breakfast consumption was associated with lower risk of these outcome. Compared to people who only ate breakfast 0 to 3 days a week, those who ate breakfast daily gained 1.9 kg less during follow-up. In addition, daily breakfast eaters had a 22% lower risk of abdominal obesity, a 20% lower risk of obesity, an 18% lower risk of metabolic syndrome, and a 16% lower risk of hypertension. In men and women more frequent consumption of breakfast was also associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.